Probably no course is more interesting to teach than one on St. Augustine, who remains the ancient man about whom we know the most and who lived a life that he recounted in the most clear and graphic personal and intellectual detail. The number of good books about Augustine, moreover, is very large. I will mention here as most useful:
1) Herbert Deane, Political and Social Ideas of St. Augustine;
2) the Hackett edition of Political Works of Augustine, and
3) Jean Bethke Elshtain's Augustine and the Limits of Politics.
ONLINE -- Schall essays on Augustine
1) "The Place of Augustine in
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From The Political Science Reviewer, XXIII (1994), 128-65.
2) "Augustine and Machiavelli."
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From Perspectives on Political Science, 25 (Summer, 1996), 17-23.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: Schall on Augustine
The Chapter, "St. Augustine and Christian Political Theory," from my The Politics of Heaven and Hell contain further discussion and further bibliography.
"From the Stoics to Augustine," in Reason, Revelation, and the Foundations of Political Philosophy;
"Augustine: On Teaching and Being Taught," in What Is God Like?;
"On Augustine's 'Late, Late, Have I Loved Thee," in Idylls and Rambles.
RECOMMENDED READINGS ABOUT
THE POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY
OF ST. AUGUSTINE
1) Sir Ernest Barker, Introduction to Everyman's Edition of The City Of God, New York, Dutton, 1945.
2) John Paul II, Encyclical, Augustine of Hippo, the Pope Speaks, V. 31, 1986, Dated August 28, 1986.
3) Ernest L. Fortin, Political Idealism and Christianity in the Thought Of St. Augustine, Villanova, Villanova University Press, 1971.
4) A. J. Carlyle, "St. Augustine and the City of God," Social and Political Ideals of Some Great Medieval Thinkers, Edited by F. J. C. Hearnshaw, New York, Barnes & Noble, 1967.
5) D. J. Mcqueen, "The Origin and Dynamics of Society and State," Augustinian Studies, V. 4, 1973.
6) Ernest L. Fortin, "St. Augustine," History of Political Philosophy, Edited by L. Strauss and J. Cropsey, Chicago, Rand-Mcnally, 1972.
7) Etienne Gilson, "The Future of Augustinian Metaphysics," A Gilson Reader, Garden City, N. Y., Doubleday Image, 1957.
8) Reinhold Niebuhr, "Augustine's Political Realism," Christian Realism And Political Problems, New York, Scribner's, 1952.
9) Charles N. R. Mccoy, "St. Augustine," History of Political Philosophy, Edited by Leo Strauss and J. Cropsey, Chicago, Rand-Mcnally, 1963.
10) John East, "The Political Relevance of St. Augustine," Modern Age, V. 16, Spring, 1972.
Also in my Chapter on Augustine in The Politics of Heaven and Hell, there is a bibliography on Augustine.