Bibliography of Generative Anthropology

What is Generative Anthropology? A Brief Introduction

Eric Gans: Internet Bibliography (including information on The Scenic Imagination)


GA Bibliography Categories:
1 = Basic Works (selected from the many publications of Gans and Girard)
2 = Scholarship on Generative Anthropology (selected from other authors)
3 = Other Works of Interest


Below is the most current draft of the GA Bibliography as compiled and edited by Christopher S. Morrissey. (Please email any suggested additions or corrections to this work in progress.)

The official version of the GA Bibliography is published twice a year on the Anthropoetics Web site (simultaneously with the latest edition of the Anthropoetics journal).


  • 1. Gans, Eric. (2007) The Scenic Imagination: Originary Thinking from Hobbes to the Present Day. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. ISBN 0804757003. [View item].

  • 1. Gans, Eric. (2000) "Form Against Content: René Girard's Theory of Tragedy," Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 56 (1-2), 53-65.

  • 1. Gans, Eric. (2000) "Staging as an Anthropological Category," New Literary History 31 (1), 45-56. [View item].

  • 1. Gans, Eric. (1997) Signs of Paradox: Irony, Resentment, and Other Mimetic Structures. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. ISBN 0804727694.

  • 1. Gans, Eric. (1993) Originary Thinking: Elements of Generative Anthropology. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. ISBN 0804721149.

  • 1. Gans, Eric. (1990) Science and Faith: The Anthropology of Revelation. Savage, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 0847676595.

  • 1. Gans, Eric. (1985) The End of Culture: Toward a Generative Anthropology. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0520051815.

  • 1. Gans, Eric. (1984) "The Culture of Resentment," Philosophy and Literature 8 (1), 55-66.

  • 1. Gans, Eric. (1981) "Differences," Modern Language Notes 96 (4, French Issue, May), 792-808. [View item].

  • 1. Gans, Eric. (1981) The Origin of Language: A Formal Theory of Representation. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0520042026.

  • 1. Gans, Eric. (1979) "Scandal to the Jews, Folly to the Pagans," Review of Des Choses Cachees Depuis la Fondation du Monde, in Diacritics 9 (3), 43-53. [View item].

  • 1. Girard, René. (1992) "Origins: A View from the Literature," in Francisco J. Varela and Jean-Pierre Dupuy (eds.) Understanding Origins: Contemporary Views on the Origin of Life, Mind and Society, 27-42, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 130).

  • 1. Girard, René. (1987) Things Hidden Since the Foundation of the World: Research Undertaken in Collaboration with Jean-Michel Oughourlian and Guy Lefort, Translated by Stephen Bann (Books II & III) and Michael Metteer (Book I). London: Athlone. Original edition, Des choses cachées depuis la fondation du monde, Paris: B. Grasset, 1978. ISBN 0804722153.

  • 1. Girard, René. (1977) Violence and the Sacred, Translated by Patrick Gregory. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Original edition, La violence et le sacré, Paris: Grasset, 1972. ISBN 0801822181.

  • 1. Girard, René. (1966) Deceit, Desire, and the Novel: Self and Other in Literary Structure, Translated by Yvonne Freccero. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP. Original edition, Mensonge romantique et vérité romanesque, Paris: Grasset, 1961. ISBN 0801818303.

  • 2. Adkins, A. W. H. (1987) Review of Eric Gans, The End of Culture: Toward a Generative Anthropology, in Contemporary Sociology: A Journal of Reviews 16 (2), 221-223. [View item].

  • 2. Bartlett, Andrew. (2005). "Playing God: Frankenstein, Human Cloning, and the Imitation of God," Paper read at COV&R Koblenz-Schoenstatt. <http://www.cla.purdue.edu/academic/engl/conferences/covar/Program/bartlett.pdf>

  • 2. Bertonneau, Thomas F. (1996) "The Origin of Language and the Generative Anthropology of E. L. Gans: An Introduction," Michigan Academician 28 (3), 419-30.

  • 2. Crick, Malcolm. (1986) Review of Eric Gans, The End of Culture: Toward a Generative Anthropology, in Man 21 (3), 563-564. [View item].

  • 2. Foshay, Toby A. (1992) "Resentment and Apophasis: The Trace of the Other in Levinas, Derrida, and Gans," in Philippa Berry and Andrew Wernick (eds.) Shadow of Spirit: Postmodernism and Religion, 81-92, London: Routledge.

  • 2. Gilgan, Peter. (Spring 1995) Review of Originary Thinking, in Stanford Humanities Review 4 (2). [View item].

  • 2. Iser, Wolfgang. (2005) "Anthropological Theory: Gans," in How to Do Theory, 131-143, Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 1405115807.

  • 2. Iser, Wolfgang. (2000) "What is Literary Anthropology? The Difference Between Explanatory and Exploratory Fictions," in Michael Clark (ed.) Revenge of the Aesthetic: The Place of Literature in Theory Today, 157-79, Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0520220048.

  • 2. Katz, Adam (ed.) (2007) The Originary Hypothesis: a Minimal Proposal for Humanistic Inquiry, Aurora, Colorado: Davies Group. (Critical Series in the Humanities) [View item].

  • 2. Kohan, Kevin. (2001) "James and the Originary Scene," The Henry James Review 22, 229-238. [View item].

  • 2. McKenna, Andrew. (1994) Review of Originary Thinking, in Philosophy and Literature, 171-172.

  • 2. McKenna, Andrew. (1992) Violence and Difference: Girard, Derrida, and Deconstruction. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0252062027.

  • 2. McKenna, Andrew. (1990) "Deconstruction and the Resistance to Anthropology," Paroles Gelées: UCLA French Studies 8, 43-48.

  • 2. Schmidt, Mark Ray. (Winter 1996) Review of Originary Thinking, in Southern Humanities Review 30 (1), 84-87.

  • 2. van Oort, Richard. (2004) "The Critic as Ethnographer," New Literary History 35 (4), 621-661. [View item].

  • 2. van Oort, Richard. (2003) "Cognitive Science and the Problem of Representation," Poetics Today 24 (2), 237-295. [View item].

  • 2. van Oort, Richard. (2001) "The Cognitive and Anthropological Origins of Narrative," Cognitive Approaches to Literature Session, Modern Language Association Convention. [View item].

  • 2. van Oort, Richard. (1998) "Three Models of Fiction: The Logical, the Phenomenological, and the Anthropological (Searle, Ingarden, Gans)," New Literary History 29 (3), 439-465. [View item].

  • 2. van Oort, Richard, Pablo Bandera, Andrew Bartlett, and Christopher Morrissey. (2005) "Sparagmos! A Dialogue on Girard and Gans," Anthropoetics 11 (1), 1-9: <http://www.anthropoetics.ucla.edu/ap1101/sparagmos.htm>.

  • 3. Bailie, Gil. (1995) Violence Unveiled: Humanity at the Crossroads. New York: Crossroad.

  • 3. Bandera, Cesareo. (1994) The Sacred Game: The Role of the Sacred in the Genesis of Modern Literary Fiction. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press.

  • 3. Bertonneau, Thomas F. (2002) "The Anthropological and Psychological Origins of Political Correctness," Praesidium 2 (1). [View item].

  • 3. Bertonneau, Thomas F. (1995) "The Sign of Knowledge in Our Time: Violence, Man, and Language in Paterson, Book I (An Anthropoetics)," William Carlos Williams Review 21 (1), 33-51.

  • 3. Bertonneau, Thomas F. (1995) "What Figure Costs: Stevens' 'The Idea of Order at Key West' (An Anthropoetics)," The Wallace Stevens Journal: A Publication of the Wallace Stevens Society 19 (1), 51-70.

  • 3. Bertonneau, Thomas F. (1994) "Life in a Human Universe: Charles Olson's (Post) Modernism in Context (An Anthropoetics)," Sagetrieb: A Journal Devoted to Poets in the Imagist/Objectivist Tradition 13 (3), 117-152.

  • 3. Bertonneau, Thomas F. (1994) "Orpheus at the Picnic: Ordinary Pleasure and Originary Murder in Wallace Stevens's 'A Primitive Like an Orb' (An Anthropoetics)," Michigan Academician 26 (3), 431-447.

  • 3. Bertonneau, Thomas F. (1993) "Consecrated in Blood/Unjustly Accused: The Ethical Paradox of WCW's In the American Grain (An Anthropoetics)," Sagetrieb: A Journal Devoted to Poets in the Imagist/Objectivist Tradition 12 (1), 7-30.

  • 3. Bertonneau, Thomas F. (1987) "The Logic of the Undecidable: An Interview with René Girard," Paroles Gelées: UCLA French Studies 5, 1-24.

  • 3. Burkert, Walter. (1983) Homo Necans: The Anthropology of Ancient Greek Sacrificial Ritual and Myth, Translated by Peter Bing. Berkeley: University of California Press. Original edition, Homo necans: interpretationen altgriechischer Opferriten und Mythen. Berlin, New York, De Gruyter, 1972.

  • 3. Burkert, Walter, René Girard, and Jonathan Z. Smith. (1987) Violent Origins: Walter Burkert, René Girard & Jonathan Z. Smith on Ritual Killing and Cultural Formation, Edited by Robert G. Hamerton-Kelly. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. (With an introduction by Burton Mack and a commentary by Renato Rosaldo). ISBN 0804713707.

  • 3. Collins, Douglas P. (1994) "Proust's Anthropology of Chance," in Thomas M. Kavanagh (ed.) Chance, Culture and the Literary Text, 105-131, Ann Arbor: Dept. of Romance Lang., Univ. of Michigan.

  • 3. Dennis, Ian. (2002) "Cain: Lord Byron's Sincerity," Studies in Romanticism 41 (Winter), 655-674.

  • 3. Dennis, Ian. (2001) "'Making Death a Victory': Victimhood and Power in Byron's 'Prometheus' and "The Prisoner of Chillon'," Keats-Shelley Journal 50, 144-161.

  • 3. Dennis, Ian. (2000) "'I Shall Not Choose a Mortal To Be My Mediator': Byron's Manfred and 'Internal Mediation'," European Romantic Review 11 (1), 68-96.

  • 3. Dennis, Ian. (1997) Nationalism and Desire in Early Historical Fiction. New York: St. Martin's Press.

  • 3. Fleming, Chris. (2004) René Girard: Violence and Mimesis. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press. ISBN 0745629482.

  • 3. Gans, Eric. (1977) Essais d'esthétique paradoxale. Paris: Gallimard. (Les Essais 202).

  • 3. Girard, René. (1996) The Girard Reader, Edited by James G. Williams. New York: Crossroad. ISBN 0824516346.

  • 3. Girard, René. (1991) A Theater of Envy: William Shakespeare. Oxford: Oxford UP. Original edition, Shakespeare: Les feux de l'envie, Paris: Grasset, 1990. Reprint edition, Gracewing 2000, St. Augustine's Press 2004. ISBN 1587318601 [View item].

  • 3. Girard, René. (1986) The Scapegoat, Translated by Yvonne Freccero. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Original edition, Le Bouc émissaire 1982. Reprint edition, paperback 1989. ISBN 0801839173.

  • 3. Girard, René. (1978) "To double business bound": Essays on Literature, Mimesis, and Anthropology. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0801821142.

  • 3. Golsan, Richard J. (1993) René Girard and Myth: An Introduction. New York: Garland.

  • 3. Goodhart, Sandor. (1996) Sacrificing Commentary: Reading the End of Literature. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0801850843.

  • 3. Livingston, Paisley. (1992) Models of Desire: René Girard and the Psychology of Mimesis Johns Hopkins UP: Baltimore.

  • 3. McKenna, Andrew. (2001). "Signs of the Times: Rorty and Girard," Paper read at COV&R Antwerp. <http://www.bibliosofia.net/files/Rorty.htm>

  • 3. McKenna, Andrew. (1995) "Desire, Difference, and Deconstruction in Madame Bovary," in Laurence M. Porter and Eugene F. Gray (eds.) Approaches to Teaching Flaubert's Madame Bovary, 106-113, New York: Mod. Lang. Assn. of Amer.

  • 3. Oughourlian, Jean-Michel. (1991) The Puppet of Desire: The Psychology of Hysteria, Possession, and Hypnosis, Translated by Eugene Webb. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. Original edition, Un mime nommé désir: hystérie, transe, possession, adorcisme. Paris: B. Grasset, 1982.

  • 3. Schneider, Matt. (1990) "Paper Money and Palimpsests: Thomas De Quincey and Representational Crisis," Paroles Gelées: UCLA French Studies 8, 49-62.

  • 3. Schwager, Raymund. (1999) Jesus in the Drama of Salvation: Toward a Biblical Doctrine of Redemption, Translated by James G. Williams and Paul Haddon. New York: Crossroad.

  • 3. Scruton, Roger. (2002) The West and the Rest: Globalization and the Terrorist Threat. Wilmington, Delaware: Intercollegiate Studies Institute. [View item].

  • 3. Scruton, Roger. (1998) An Intelligent Person's Guide to Modern Culture. London: Duckworth.

  • 3. Siebers, Tobin. (1998) The Subject and Other Subjects: On Ethical, Aesthetic, and Political Identity. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0472096737.

  • 3. Siebers, Tobin. (1994) Heterotopia: Postmodern Utopia and the Body Politic. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0472105574.

  • 3. Siebers, Tobin. (1993) Cold War Criticism and the Politics of Skepticism. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195079655.

  • 3. Siebers, Tobin. (1992) Morals & Stories. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0231078463.

  • 3. Siebers, Tobin. (1988) The Ethics of Criticism. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 0801421284.

  • 3. Siebers, Tobin. (1986) "Language, Violence, and the Sacred," in Alphonse Juilland (ed.) To Honor René Girard, Saratoga, CA: ANMA Libri.

  • 3. Siebers, Tobin. (1984) The Romantic Fantastic. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 080141671X.

  • 3. Siebers, Tobin. (1983) The Mirror of Medusa. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0520048563.


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